"Pour survivre, les Himbas doivent avoir les pieds enracinés dans leurs traditions et les voix qui portent jusqu’aux grands pays au-delà de la grande mer..."

Kovahimba, l'association ayant pour but d'aider les Himbas, peuple nomade de Namibie
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Namibia

Kaokoland Desert

Located in the North-West of Namibia, the Kaokoland stretches on about 50 000 Km2. It is bound in the North by the Kunene River, which marks the border between Namibia and Angola, in the South by the Hoanib River, in the East by the Ovamboland and the Etosha basin, and in the West by the Skeleton Coast national park, the wildest and less accessible area of the Namib Desert.

 A very mountainous and inhospitable area, Kaokoland can be divided into two topographic zones: 

  • In the East and in the centre, the highlands area commonly called “Himba highlands” averaging around 1 200 meters (highest point: 2 000 meters). These mountains were formed during different geological periods. The oldest, composed of granite gneiss, appeared two billion years ago.
  • In the West, a very steep rock escarpment overlooks the pro-Namib desert plains.

The climate is harsh, with temperatures reaching 45°C in summertime, a very short rainy season (typically between February and April), and very low rainfalls decreasing from East to West (300 mm annually in the East, 50 mm in the West). 

The very sparse vegetation becomes scarce westwards. This bush is a mopane savannah-type, with sometimes higher trees like baobab or sycamore. A large variety of aloes, acacias, commiphoras and healing plants make Kaokoland a paradise for botanists. 

Mentions légales - Connexion - Plan du site - Site hébergé par OVH